The creative life of I.P.Pavlov was connected with St.Petersburg. The last 18 years of his life he lived in the so called '"House of Academician", situated on the 7th Line of the district, called "Vasilievsky Ostrov". This building was founded at the personal order of Peter the Great and in 1725 was given by the State - Treasury to the newly founded Academy of Sciences of Russia. During the following two centuries, many prominent Russian scientists and academicians lived in there. Amongst them were: A.O.Kovalevsky, V.I.Palladin, V.I.Vernadsky, A.E.Fersman, N.Y.Marr and many others. Their names are imprinted on the memorial stone plaques, on the facade of this house - an anique monument to Russian science. The classical image, given to the building by the architects A.D.Zakharov and A.G.Bezhanov in 1806 - 1808 is preserved until now.



The "House of Academician"

      The flat number 11, situated on the second floor of this house belonged to Pavlov and his family. At present it is a memorial museum - the only one in this building.

      The idea of creating such a museum occurred to the widow of I.P.Pavlov, Serafima Vasilievna, soon after the death of the 87-year old scientist in February 1936. This memorial was opened in 1949, on the 100th Anniversary of birth of the great scientist. The first director & the keeper of this museum was Pavlov's daughter Vera Ivanovna, who continued to live in the flat till the end of her life in 1964.


          
S.V.Pavlova                       V.I.Pavlova

      The three rooms of the spacious six-roomed apartment present the memorial exposition of the museum. They have been maintained in their original way until now, including all the details of the interior. The widow and the daughter of Pavlov, who lived here during the II World War and during the blockade of the city by the German troops, managed to preserve not only the furniture, the books and the paintings in the flat, but also those minor details of the interior, that speak so much about the hobbies and the habits of the owner of the house.

      The interior of the apartment, kept untouched in its original way, still keeps the memory of the great physiologist and, at the same time, presents a typical specimen of a flat of the intelligentsia of Russia with an average income of the end of the 18th - beginning of the 19th century.

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